Essay about Early Childhood Stage of Development
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Early Childhood Stage of Development
The developmental period known as early childhood ranges from the years two to six. These years are often called the play years. During this time play flourishes and supports all of the phases of life. Early childhood has many physical developments like body growth, brain development, and motor development. During this time both gross and fine motor skills develop dramatically. Children can walk upstairs with alternating feet, ride a tricycle, and even catch a ball with their hands. They can also put on and remove simple clothing items, feed themselves, and draw their first pictures of people.
For our team presentation we chose to do an obstacle course…show more content…
Our fourth obstacle is also dealing with colors. There are three cones setup. Under each cone is a car. Two cars are blue and the other car is silver. CJ's job is to find the silver car. He must look under the cones until he finds the silver car. Next is another physical activity. CJ must stand a certain distance, measured by a piece of tape, from a bucket. The object is to throw the three balls into the bucket. This tests the development of arm motion and coordination. Finally, the last obstacle deals with conservation. Conservation is the idea that physical characteristics of objects remain the same when their outward appearance changes. This comes from Piaget's preoperational stage. We had two glass filled with the same amount of liquid. CJ was asked if the two glass had the same amount. Next we poured one glass of liquid into a bowl, and asked if they had the same amount or if one had more. Of course CJ could not answer this question. In early childhood, children cannot conserve.
All of the cognitive activities deal with Piaget's theory. In early childhood, children move from the sensorimotor to the preoperational stage. During this stage there is a drastic increase in representational, or symbolic activity. In Piaget's theory on education, he believed in three principles. He believed in discovery learning, which states that children are
All humans go through a series of stages relevant to age and experience. The collective changes from birth to adolescence of a human being are referred to as child development. It is regarded as the most important part of human development because it is the time when an individual is moulded into his or her individuality and identity. Social, physical, emotional, and intellectual changes during this stage are most dramatic and critical. Self-awareness, reasoning, independence, and mastery begin when a child slowly engages in socialization thereby developing characteristics and abilities which could last a lifetime.
There are many factors which influence child development. Social and environmental factors such as the family, school, peer, and community help define the role and disposition of a child in these units. In these units, he is slowly being taught how to initially think, socialize, and later to discover himself. Heredity plays a crucial role in cognitive, physical, emotional, and personality development of a child. With the physical makeup of a child and the reaction of the social and environmental factors to his aesthetics, he begins to develop his personal views shaping his idea of what and who he is. Economic and political institutions bombard a child of social and cultural values which teach him how to think, act, and interact as a person to others. Biological factors such as medical care, nutrition, and environmental hazards affect the growth of a child’s body and mind while critical life events such as traumatic experiences may alter the growth of personality and identity. With all the factors involved, a child has a direct hand in his own process of development. Each has his own freewill and this freewill allows a person to choose, accept and reject, learn and unlearn, do and ignore anything and anyone around him. He has the ability and chance to select people, interests, and activities. In summary, child development is dependent on personal choices and external factors.
Developments among children can be both universal and individual. In the early stage of development, all children go through the same changes of physical, cognitive, and emotional changes. Simple motor skill developments such as eye focusing and walking are the most common transformations, alongside these, the development of language and logical reasoning skills are also observed.
The cluster and pattern of developments is highly observable among children as they continue to learn and grow. With the rapid changes coupled with the internal and external factors involved in the personal development of a child, his identity and personality are shaped and reshaped. In the end following all the necessary changes to make a child capable of even little independence, he embarks on a journey of self-knowing which only he can define and redefine using his freewill.