Causes of the English Civil War
- Length: 494 words (1.4 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
The civil war broke out in 1642, and was a war that is within a country, it has many reasons for happening. This essay will explain and categorise the main cause’s fop the civil war. I will start by listing the genres of events.
In the 1640’s power and politics were vital for social standard and anyone with power was important and respected so naturally and event such as the civil war would have had politics as one of the main issues for happening. Charles becoming king was obviously a cause because it was his decisions that influenced the war itself and him who raised the flag. Also in 1629 Charles decided to close down parliament because he felt they were exerting too much power than they should, also it almost seems as if Charles is afraid of parliament or jealous because he feels that he is entitled to the “divine right of kings” and seeing parliament using all this power made him feel as if he was less and not as important. This was then followed by the “eleven years of tyranny” which ended in 1640 when he recalled parliament due to shortage of money and mistakes he had made.
An interesting decision Charles made was to marry Henrietta a foreign royal, some people would have said this was purely religiously influenced because she was a catholic and people feared he married her because his desire was to make England catholic. Others have said that it was a power driven choice because he wanted to unite the two countries and gain more power. There are other more religious based events such as when Charles ordered Henry Laud to make a new prayer book which was to be read around the England. This caused an outrage between his people who could now no longer trust him. As if this wasn’t enough he then ordered the book to be read in Scotland this was in 1637 and was possibly one of his worst choices, this was because at the time Scots were angry that Charles hadn’t turned protestant because he was raised as protestant and on top of that they were extremely insulted that Charles would even for a second believe that they would accept this book. This then resulted in rampage and violence so the book was taken away.
The saying “money is the root of all evil” applies strongly in the making of the civil war.
How to Cite this Page
|Origins of the English Civil War Essay - The English Civil War of 1642-1651 can be considered as a feud between the King and the English Parliament. Long before the onset of the civil war, Parliament and king Charles I had distrusted each other. As a result, Parliament often refused to finance the king’s wars. Unable to gain enough support from Parliament, Charles I challenged local control of nobles and landowners, who composed of the majority of Parliament, by “levying new tariffs and duties, attempting to collect discontinued taxes, and subjecting English property owners to…forced loan and then imprisoning those who refused to pay…as well as quartering troops in private homes” (Craig et al.... [tags: european history, british history]||1036 words|
|England's Civil War in the 1600's: Parliament against the King Essay - On 22nd August 1642 Civil War broke out in England, Parliament against the King. Civil war is said to be the second worst kind of war (under world war) because it is when a country fights against itself and unfortunately, this was the case in England. Many families were torn apart and many people are killed but how had this happened. How had a great country gone so low that they would have to fight against each other. How had England gone into Civil War. This is what we are going to find out in this essay.... [tags: English Civil War, King Charles, British History]||574 words|
|The Causes of The American Civil War Essay - The Causes of The American Civil War It was the greatest war in American history. 3 million fought - 600,000 died. It was the only war fought on American soil by Americans, and for that reason Americans have always been fascinated with The Civil War. Hundreds of books, movies and documentaries have (and are) being created about the American Civil War. But what sparked this uprising and is it as black and white as some portray it to be. The invention of the cotton gin, was at the time a great discovery: it allowed cotton to be produced at an amazing speed and efficiency but at the time nobody could have understood the impact it would have upon the face of American his... [tags: Papers]||446 words|
|The Causes of the Civil War Essay - The Causes of the Civil War In 1642, Civil War broke out in England, Parliament against the King. Civil War is said to be the worst kind of war because it is when a country fights against itself and unfortunately, this was the case in England. Many family's were torn apart and many people were killed but how had this happened. How had a great country gone so low that they would have to fight themselves. How had England gone into Civil War. This is what we are going to find out. King Charles got off to a bad start.... [tags: Papers]||1505 words|
|Causes of the Civil War Essay - Causes of the Civil War The Civil War started in August 1642. Back then it didn't look like war, but when you look at the main points, it seems inevitable. There were three main points: Money, power and religion. The first point is money. Charles wanted to borrow money from Parliament. They refused, as they wanted a say in what the King spent his money on, but Charles took the money from Parliament anyway, and sent them home. As Charles now was ruling without Parliament, he had no one to borrow money from when he ran out.... [tags: Papers]||656 words|
|Causes Of The Civil War Essay - Americans fought very had to receive their independence from England. Their determination of self-rule was evident from the very beginning. From early settlement, the colonists gave evidence to this determination. The increase in control of England increased their desire to be treated fairly as English citizens, but England did not give them the feeling of fair treatment. Ever since the beginnings of settlement, England and America had been growing apart. England was still an aristocracy, ruled by men born and bred to a high station in life.... [tags: essays research papers]||1590 words|
|The 1913 Lockout, 1916 Rising, the Treaty of 1921 and the Causes of the Civil War, 1922 - The 1913 Lockout, 1916 Rising, the Treaty of 1921 and the Causes of the Civil War, 1922 John Redmond became the leader of the Home rule party when the English election was a draw. Neither the conservatives nor liberals got a majority. Redmond and the home rule party now held the balance of power. The leader of the liberals, Asquith, promised Redmond in 1910 that Ireland would have home rule by 1914. Redmond accepted. The unionists refused to accept and decided to fight against it.... [tags: Papers]||1976 words|
| Civil Wars Essay - No matter what you call it: democratic, libertarian, non-totalitarian, self-governing, or self-ruling, people have been fighting for their freedoms since the beginning of time. They fight for their life, liberty, estate, and to be governed fairly. Democratic can be described as a form of government in which the people choose leaders by voting, it relates to the idea that all people should be treated equally (“Dictionary”). It seems that since the beginning people have fought for certain freedoms they see as rights.... [tags: Government Representation, Religion]|
:: 11 Works Cited
|causes of french revoultionary war Essay - The causes of the French Revolution, the uprising which brought the regime of King Louis XVI to an end, were manifold. France in 1789 was one of the richest and most powerful nations in Europe; only in Great Britain and the Netherlands did the common people have more freedom and less chance of arbitrary punishment. Nevertheless, the ancien régime was brought down, partly by its own rigidity in the face of a changing world, partly by the ambitions of a rising bourgeoisie, allied with aggrieved peasants and wage-earners and with individuals of all classes who were influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment.... [tags: essays research papers]||1618 words|
| Essay on Why Civil War Broke Out in England in 1642 - In 1642, King Charles raised his royal standard in Nottingham, marking the beginning of the English Civil War. The next ten years saw the Cavaliers (supporters of the King) and the Roundheads (supporters of the parliament) engaged in a vicious battle for their respective leaders with the Roundheads ultimately victorious. This essay will attempt to explain why civil war broke out in England while summarizing the story behind the antagonism of the two parties. One of the key factors that led to the civil war was the contrasting beliefs of King Charles and the parliament.... [tags: British history]|
:: 3 Works Cited
English Civil War Main Issues Main Cause Scots Married Parliament Scotland Tyranny Shortage
A short term cause that Charles made was that he needed more money, so he decided to make everybody pay ship money which was a tax that went towards the navy, this upset his people and angered them.
To conclude after look at all possible reasons for the civil war breaking out in 1642 I think the most strong and possible answer is when parliament passed the Grand remmonse because those rules that parliament applied have stuck with us all the way through and have changed history.
Charles I Oliver Cromwell
The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons.Few people could have predicted that the civil war, that started in 1642, would have ended with the public execution of Charles. His most famous opponent in this war was Oliver Cromwell – one of the men who signed the death warrant of Charles.No king had ever been executed in England and the execution of Charles was not greeted with joy. How did the English Civil War break out?
As with many wars, there are long and short term causes.
Long term causes:
The status of the monarchy had started to decline under the reign of James I. He was known as the “wisest fool in Christendom”. James was a firm believer in the “divine right of kings”. This was a belief that God had made someone a king and as God could not be wrong, neither could anyone appointed by him to rule a nation. James expected Parliament to do as he wanted; he did not expect it to argue with any of his decisions.
However, Parliament had one major advantage over James – they had money and he was continually short of it. Parliament and James clashed over custom duties. This was one source of James income but Parliament told him that he could not collect it without their permission. In 1611, James suspended Parliament and it did not meet for another 10 years. James used his friends to run the country and they were rewarded with titles. This caused great offence to those Members of Parliament who believed that they had the right to run the country.
In 1621, James re-called Parliament to discuss the future marriage of his son, Charles, to a Spanish princess. Parliament was outraged. If such a marriage occurred, would the children from it be brought up as Catholics? Spain was still not considered a friendly nation to England and many still remembered 1588 and the Spanish Armada. The marriage never took place but the damaged relationship between king and Parliament was never mended by the time James died in 1625.
Short term causes:
Charles had a very different personality compared to James. Charles was arrogant, conceited and a strong believer in the divine rights of kings. He had witnessed the damaged relationship between his father and Parliament, and considered that Parliament was entirely at fault. He found it difficult to believe that a king could be wrong. His conceit and arrogance were eventually to lead to his execution.
From 1625 to 1629, Charles argued with parliament over most issues, but money and religion were the most common causes of arguments.
In 1629, Charles copied his father. He refused to let Parliament meet. Members of Parliament arrived at Westminster to find that the doors had been locked with large chains and padlocks. They were locked out for eleven years – a period they called the Eleven Years Tyranny.
Charles ruled by using the Court of Star Chamber. To raise money for the king, the Court heavily fined those brought before it. Rich men were persuaded to buy titles. If they refused to do so, they were fined the same sum of money it would have cost for a title anyway!
In 1635 Charles ordered that everyone in the country should pay Ship Money. This was historically a tax paid by coastal towns and villages to pay for the upkeep of the navy. The logic was that coastal areas most benefited from the navy’s protection. Charles decided that everyone in the kingdom benefited from the navy’s protection and that everyone should pay.
In one sense, Charles was correct, but such was the relationship between him and the powerful men of the kingdom, that this issue caused a huge argument between both sides. One of the more powerful men in the nation was John Hampden. He had been a Member of Parliament. He refused to pay the new tax as Parliament had not agreed to it. At this time Parliament was also not sitting as Charles had locked the MP’s out. Hampden was put on trial and found guilty. However, he had become a hero for standing up to the king. There is no record of any Ship Money being extensively collected in the areas Charles had wanted it extended to.
Charles also clashed with the Scots. He ordered that they should use a new prayer book for their church services. This angered the Scots so much that they invaded England in 1639. As Charles was short of money to fight the Scots, he had to recall Parliament in 1640 as only they had the necessary money needed to fight a war and the required authority to collect extra money.
In return for the money and as a display of their power, Parliament called for the execution of “Black Tom Tyrant” – the Earl of Strafford, one of the top advisors of Charles. After a trial, Strafford was executed in 1641. Parliament also demanded that Charles get rid of the Court of Star Chamber.
By 1642, relations between Parliament and Charles had become very bad. Charles had to do as Parliament wished as they had the ability to raise the money that Charles needed. However, as a firm believer in the “divine right of kings”, such a relationship was unacceptable to Charles.
In 1642, he went to Parliament with 300 soldiers to arrest his five biggest critics. Someone close to the king had already tipped off Parliament that these men were about to be arrested and they had already fled to the safety of the city of London where they could easily hide from the king. However, Charles had shown his true side. Members of Parliament represented the people. Here was Charles attempting to arrest five Members of Parliament simply because they dared to criticise him. If Charles was prepared to arrest five Members of Parliament, how many others were not safe? Even Charles realised that things had broken down between him and Parliament. Only six days after trying to arrest the five Members of Parliament, Charles left London to head for Oxford to raise an army to fight Parliament for control of England. A civil war could not be avoided.