How to Create a Power Point Presentation from a Finished Paper
What happens when you have completed your 8 or 10,000 word article and now you have to create a 15-minute presentation on the basis of your paper? Luckily, there is a fairly straightforward system you can use to create a presentation from a full paper.
I once heard someone say that a presentation should be viewed as an advertisement for a paper, rather than an attempt to present all of the information in the paper. Keeping this in mind will help you to focus on what’s important and avoid the temptation to attempt to convey all of the rich information in your paper in a brief presentation. Unfortunately, trying to cover too much often means you fail to highlight what’s important.
In my field – Sociology – there is a straightforward formula for giving presentations. I am sure that there is one in your field as well, and it may be very similar to the formula in Sociology. In Sociology, presenters often use Power Point, and presentations often look like this:
- Introduction (1 slide)
- Research Questions/Hypotheses (1 slide)
- Literature Review/Theory (1 slide)
- Methods & Data Collection (1 slide)
- Data Presentation/Findings (3-5 slides)
- Conclusion (1 slide)
Admittedly, many people use many more slides than this, but I advocate for sticking to the rule of no more than one slide per minute. I also think it is important to focus most of your attention on your findings, and as little as possible on other people’s theories and findings. And, you will bore people tremendously if you spend too much time on your methods and data collection. There are many exceptions of course – if your paper is all theory or primarily methodological, then it will look quite different.
To create a presentation from a full-length paper or article, you can pull out the most important parts of the article, based on the above list – or based on the subheadings in your own article.
For the introduction, you can use the same compelling introduction you use in your paper. If you are using Power Point, try and find a provocative image that conveys the point of your paper.
Your next slide should contain your research questions – which your introduction should point to.
Then, spend no more than a minute contextualizing your research questions and project within the literature. Don’t make the mistake of spending too much time reviewing what others have written about your topic. Spend just enough time on the existing literature to make it clear that your work contributes to existing research in the field. People don’t come to conferences to hear literature reviews – they come to hear about new research like yours. The purpose of the literature review is to establish the importance of your work, not to show you have read every relevant article.
Once you have established the importance of your project, explain just enough of your methods and data collection to establish your ability to speak on the topic. Think about the questions people might have – what data set did you use? How many interviews did you carry out? How many months of participant observation did you complete? How many newspaper articles did you code? What is the timeframe for the data? Give just enough information to validate your findings.
Try to get through all of the above in the first five minutes so that you can spend as much of your time as possible sharing the rich detail of your own data and analyses. If you have ethnographic data, you can tell one story from the field for each point you want to make. For statistical data, you can present a table with findings for each finding you wish to highlight. For interview data, you can use one interview quote for each theme you plan to highlight.
Once you have chosen the parts of your findings you wish to highlight, you can leave a minute or two for your conclusion.
As you make each slide, remember to put as few words as possible on each slide, and place an image on each slide to convey your points visually.
Spending couple of months or years in research seems less difficult as compared to presenting it. Presenting your research work to a bunch of experts can be very difficult sometimes. Your audience will only like well-crafted presentation.
There are certain things you need to take care of. Presenting a research paper is quite different from a talk or any other presentation. In research paper presentation, you are going to discuss everything that you have done and achieved during your research in limited time.
There is a specific outline that experts recommend that you must follow during your research paper presentation.
Research Paper Presentation Outline
Give the brief introduction of your work. For example, if you are going to work on a disease than describe the
disease. Focus on the things on which you have worked on. If you are working on genes of that disease then it will be important discuss the genetic pathways of the disease in your introduction.
You may discuss the “problem” on which you have worked on during your research.
Things that you need to remember,
- Focus on the relevant information
- Do not more than 3 slides on the introduction
It’s about the recipe and spices of your research work. Mention all the materials that were required to do the task and how miraculously you did it. Using flowcharts in your PowerPoint slides can help you to present it in the more engaging way.
Try to fit it in 2 slides only. Emphasis on any special equipment or build that you have used during your work.
Tell your audience about the verifiable objectives you had while doing this research. It doesn’t matter if they vary from your results, it is necessary to tell the audience what were you looking for.
- Consume only one slide
- Make it concise
- You are allowed to use fancy words or good vocabulary here
Results and Discussion
Write down your results, most possibly in the form of the table. Try not to confuse your audience with so much numerical data so charts will work fine. Highlight if you have something novel in your results.
Try to interpret your results in 2-3 points. The conclusion must be very meaningful for audiences. It must not be ambiguous. Usually, a single statement is enough.
What can be done more on your particle topic? This is very important if you are going to pursue the same topic in your further studies. It will help you to have a future objective for yourself.
Tips for Research Paper Presentations
- There should be 5*5 rules in each slide. I.e. there are five words in one sentence and there should be five lines on one slide.
- Data should be in the form of small key points or bullets. Data should not be in paragraph form on the slide. It should be precise. Slides are not for the audience it just hints for the presenter. The presenter should explain all terms and every concept that is written on slide.
- Standard heading size is 44 while standard text size is 32.
- Make link of one slide with the second slide during the presentation. For example, tell the audience what they will listen and see in next slide.
- The template of PowerPoint presentation should not have shocking color. Text color should be in contrast with template color. If somewhere in slides text color is same as template audience would not be able to see what is written on it.
- There should be slide number on every slide except title slide.
- All slides should be in homogeneity. The presenter should use either upper case or lower case alphabets in the text of the whole presentation.
- There should be the use of animations but no use of transitions.
- There should be a table of content of presentation on the slide next to title slide. By explaining this presenter should give an overview of the whole presentation.
Paper Presentation Sample
To help our readers, I have made a template for paper presentation. I hope it will be helpful for you. Research paper presentation sample Download.