Psychology Stages of Moral Development Essay
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Psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg is widely known for his proposed stages of moral development; he argued that the development of moral reasoning “is a continual process that occurs throughout the lifespan.” (Cherry). Moreover, Kohlberg’s stages of moral development involve three levels, namely: the preconventional moral reasoning, conventional moral reasoning and postconventional moral reasoning. Each of these levels consists of two stages. Furthermore, we will examine Kohlberg’s stages of moral development by creating a character named Ciara. Ciara is a mischievous, temperamental and aggressive 11-year old who studies at a christian school. Throughout this essay we will see how Ciara’s moral reasoning will evolve.
To begin with, we will…show more content…
At this stage, children mainly focus on how their authority will judge their actions and what will be the physical consequences of their actions. Also, because of their fear of being punished, their behaviors are based on obeying rules of the authority; this is why Stage One is usually called “The punishment and obedience orientation” (Berk 320).
Stage Two. During a Science experiment, Ciara whispered to her African - American classmate, “I will stop teasing and calling you names only if you will do something for me.”. At this stage, children are now aware that there is not just one point of view that is right, but individuals who differ also have their own point of right view. Moreover, children behave morally to satisfy their needs, the needs of others and to exchange equal favors. Children do the favors of others because they know that they will do the same thing in return; children are more focused in equal sharing and the rewards they will get for their behavior. As Cherry states, “children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs.”. Furthermore, Stage Two is often called “The instrumental purpose orientation” (Berk 320).
The second level of moral development is the conventional moral reasoning; “Beginning in middle school, up to middle age – most people end up here” (“Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development.”). At this level,